Make the marinade by combining the olive oil, garlic, cilantro, lime juice, chipotle peppers, and salt. Place the chicken is a shallow container and pour the marinade over the chicken. Refrigerate for at least 30 minutes.
Preheat the oven to 350 degrees.
Heat an oven-safe skillet on the stove over medium heat. Transfer the chicken and marinade into the skillet. Cook for one to two minutes (or until beginning to brown), then flip the chicken and cook on the other side for a minute.
Transfer the skillet to the oven. Bake for about 20 minutes, or until the internal temperature reaches 165 degrees. (Start checking after around 15 minutes unless the chicken breasts are very thick. It will be dry if you overcook it.)